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Ottobre 2017
The Speak Up blog answers any questions you may have either about the English language or our articles. Write to us at: http://blog.speakuponline.it. The most interesting questions will be published on this page. A word of warning, though: our blog is not a translation or homework service!

Arnold and Abraham
Negli ultimi mesi avete pubblicato molti articoli collegati direttamente o indirettamente a Donald Trump. Non è una critica, al contrario, lo trovo molto interessante. Infatti, ho scoperto con gran sorpresa, grazie all’articolo su Arnold Schwarzenegger, che Abraham Lincoln, il presidente da sempre associato all’abolizione della schiavitù, era un repubblicano. Avevo sempre associato Lincoln con gli Stati progressisti del nord e con il Partito Democratico.
Grazie, Lucia.


It’s true that we do tend to simplify things far too often, and even though American politics is understood as being bipartisan, neither politics nor history can be seen in such black or white terms. In fact, during the 19th century, the Republican Party stood for the abolition of slavery, while the Democratic Party tolerated or even supported it! It was only later, in the 20th and 21st centuries, that the Republicans became associated with conservative social and economic policies, and the Democratic Party reinvented itself as a party that supported organised labour, the civil rights of minorities and progressive reform. So, yes, even political parties change over time!


Irish Courage
Leggendo il racconto del mese scorso di Talitha Linehan (molto carino, soprattutto per come sfata il mito dell’alcol come mezzo per far cadere le inibizioni; e la forza dell’effetto placebo!)  mi è sorto il dubbio su quale sia la differenza in inglese tra “spirits” e “liquor”. È solo una questione di gradazione alcolica?
Paolo


“Liquor” and “spirits” refer to the same thing: an unsweetened distilled alcoholic drink of about 40 per cent alcohol, such as vodka, gin or whisky. A more specific term is “liqueur”, a word that comes from the French and that is used to refer to sweetened distilled alcoholic drinks flavoured with fruits, herbs or spices.


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